Comparative study of the weft-knitted strain sensors

Atalay O., Tuncay A., HUSAIN M. D., Kennon W. R.

JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL TEXTILES, vol.46, no.5, pp.1212-1240, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1528083715619948
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1212-1240
  • Keywords: Strain sensor, textile-based sensors, conductive yarn, weft-knitted sensor, electronic flat-bed knitting machine, DESIGN, PARAMETERS
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


In this study, weft-knitted strain-sensing structures are described, along with the materials and manufacturing techniques required to produce the fabrics on a computerised flat-bed knitting machine. Knitted sensing fabrics with conductive yarns, i. e. silver-plated nylon yarn and polyester-blended stainless steel yarn have been created with different design possibilities. A laboratory test set-up was built to characterise the knitted sensors and the resulting equivalent resistance under the different level of strains. The most successful samples have been realised through a series of single conductive courses within the interlock base fabric structure using silver-plated nylon in terms of responsivity, repeatability and lower electrical signal drift. Deficiencies associated with strain-sensing structures realised through the intermeshing of conductive yarns have also been addressed.