Osteoblast adhesion on novel machinable calcium phosphate/lanthanum phosphate composites for orthopedic applications

Ergun C., Liu H., Webster T. J.

JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS RESEARCH PART A, no.3, pp.727-733, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Lanthanum phosphate (LaPO4, LP) was combined with either hydroxyapatite (HA) or tricalcium phosphate (TCP) to form novel composites for orthopedic applications. In this study, these composites were prepared by wet chemistry synthesis and subsequent powder mixing. These HA/LP and TCP/LP composites were characterized in terms of phase stability and microstructure evolution during sintering using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Their machinability was evaluated using a direct drilling test. For HA/LP composites, LP reacted with HA during sintering and formed a new phase, Ca8La2(PO4)(6)O-2, as a reaction by-product. However, TCP/LP composites showed phase stability and the formation of a weak interface between TCP and LP machinability when sintered at 1100 degrees C, which is crucial for achieving desirable properties. Thus, these novel TCP/LP composites fulfilled the requirements for machinability, a key consideration for manufacturing orthopedic implants. Moreover, the biocompatibility of these novel LP composites was studied, for the first time, in this paper. In vitro cell culture tests demonstrated that the LP and its composites supported osteoblast (bone-forming cell) adhesion similar to natural bioceramics (such as HA and TCP). In conclusion, these novel LP composites should be further studied and developed for more effectively treating bone related diseases or injuries. (C) 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res 89A: 727-733, 2009