Journal of Applied Microbiology, vol.90, no.2, pp.248-255, 2001 (SCI-Expanded)
Aims: The main goal of this study was to characterize the xylanase (xynA) gene from Pichia stipitis NRRL Y-11543. Methods and Results: The xylanase gene was cloned into pUC19 in Escherichia coli DHSαF' and selected by growth on RBB-xylan. All functional clones contained a recombinant plasmid with an insert of 2·4 kbp, as determined by restriction mapping. The nucleotide sequence of the P. stipitis xylanase gene consisted of 1146 bp and encoded a protein of 381 amino acids with a molecular weight of 43 649 Da. The sequence contained a putative 20-amino acid N-terminal signal sequence and four N-linked glycosylation sites. The Km values for non-glycosylated and glycosylated xylanases were 1·4 mg ml-1 and 4·2 mg ml-1, respectively, and Vmax values were 0·8 and 0·082 μmol min-1 mg-1 protein, respectively. Conclusions: Xylanase, a rarely found enzyme in yeast species, has been characterized in detail. Significance and Impact of the Study: The results of this study can be used to develop better xylanase-utilizing yeast strains.