Khaya gum – a natural and eco-friendly biopolymer dielectric for low-cost organic field-effect transistors (OFETs)

Tall A., Faraji S., Diallo A. K., Mohammadian N., Erouel M., Seck M., ...More

Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol.33, no.19, pp.15283-15295, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 19
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10854-022-08388-2
  • Journal Name: Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.15283-15295
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


Nature provides a wide range of dielectric biopolymers that can be used in electronic devices. In this work, organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) using khaya gum (KG), a natural, biodegradable biopolymer that can be directly collected from khaya senegalensis trees, as the gate dielectric are demonstrated. The fabricated bottom gate/top contact poly (3,6-di (2-thien-5-yl)-2,5-di (2-octyldodecyl)-pyrrolo [3,4-c] pyrrole-1,4-dione) thieno [3,2-b] thiophene) (DPPTTT) –(polymethylmethacrylate) (PMMA) OFETs operate at 3 V with a saturation field-effect mobility (μsat) 0.3 cm2V−1 s−1, threshold voltage (Vth) -1.3 V, subthreshold swing (SS) 450 mV/dec, and current on/off ratios (ION/OFF) larger than 3 × 103. Significantly, the gate leakage current (IG) does not exceed 10–8 A for the gate-source voltage (VGS) ≤ -3 V. UV–Vis spectra analysis shows that the prepared khaya gum films exhibit low absorbance and high transparency (up to 90%) with a calculated optical band gap of about 4.3 eV. Thermal characterization shows two stages of decomposition and a glass transition at around 60 °C. Characterization of metal–insulator-metal (MIM) capacitors using khaya gum reveals that the KG-based MIM capacitors possess a relatively high capacitance per unit area (Ci) of 130 ± 3 nF/cm2 at 1 kHz. As a result, khaya gum emerges as the dielectric of choice for low voltage, transparent OFETs where environmentally friendly device manufacturing is required.