© 2022 Elsevier B.V.This study deals with the age and petrogenesis of mafic-ultramafic intrusions ranging in size from a few meters to 10 km within the Early Carboniferous high-grade gneisses of the Pulur Complex in the Eastern Pontides. The intrusions comprise dunite, wehrlite, gabbronorite, leucogabbro, anorthosite and ilmenite-bearing gabbronorite of cumulus origin, and are crosscut by dikes of ilmenite-bearing gabbronorite, leucogranite and microdiorite. U–Pb dating on zircons from gabbronorite, anorthosite and leucogranite yielded igneous crystallization ages of 322–326 Ma, indicating that the intrusions were emplaced ca. 5–7 Ma after the peak of high-grade metamorphism, and form part of the Late Carboniferous high-volume magmatism in the region. In most cumulate rocks, Cr–Al spinel, olivine and plagioclase were early crystallizing phases, followed by orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene and hornblende. Whole rock geochemical data suggest that wehrlite, gabbronorite, leucogabbro and anorthosite stem from a common magma, and ilmenite-bearing gabbronorite and dikes of leucogranite and microdiorite from different magmas. Application of mineral/melt partition coefficients to trace element compositions of clinopyroxene and hornblende in cumulate rocks suggests that the main cumulate body was derived from middle- to high-K calc-alkaline basic melts, and relatively late ilmenite-bearing gabbronorites from hypersthene-normative Ca-rich melts. All the rock types display radiogenic Sr and Pb isotopic signatures, and unradiogenic Nd isotopic ratios, which are indistinguishable from those of the coeval voluminous high-K calc-alkaline I-type granites in the region; the isotopic ratios are probably related to the metasomatism of the lithospheric mantle by sediment-derived melts. We suggest that the parental melts of the mafic-ultramafic intrusions and those of the high-K calc-alkaline granites were genetically related, and melts of the high-K calc-alkaline granites were probably derived from the melting of newly underplated calc-alkaline basic material at lower crustal depths, that were compositionally comparable to the parental magmas of the mafic-ultramafic intrusions.