APPLIED THERMAL ENGINEERING, vol.24, no.16, pp.2427-2438, 2004 (SCI-Expanded)
The augmentation of the heat transfer by inserting different type turbulators into the channels is the conventional passive enhancement method. The coiled wire is one of the common heat transfer enhancement devices. These turbulators generate almost-periodic vortices into the flow while increasing the heat transfer rate. In this study, the properties of these vortices (i.e. the vortex shedding frequency and amplitudes of the pressure fluctuations of the vortices), flow (vortex)-acoustic coupling and the relation between entropy generation and vortex characteristics were investigated experimentally. Strouhal-Re-N-s,N-a and P-rms-Re-N-s,N-a variations were presented graphically. It was observed that as the pitch increases, the vortex shedding frequencies decrease and the maximum amplitudes of pressure fluctuation of vortices produced by coiled wire turbulators occur with small pitches. In addition, the effects of the turbulators on the heat transfer, friction factor and performance characteristics were investigated. The coiled wires were thermodynamically advantageous (N-s,N-a < 1) up to 13,000 Reynolds number. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.