An integrated method for atmospheric dispersion and corresponding risks: Application to ITU TRIGA Mark II research reactor


Bektaş S., Şentürk Lüle S.

Progress in Nuclear Energy, vol.143, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 143
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.pnucene.2021.104039
  • Title of Journal : Progress in Nuclear Energy
  • Keywords: Atmospheric dispersion and deposition, Burnup, Dose and risk calculation, Lagrangian model, Severe nuclear accident

Abstract

© 2021 Elsevier LtdThe prediction of the present and future impact of radioactivity release is important. However, there are several models and options to choose from. An integrated approach is proposed in this study and it is implemented to Istanbul Technical University (ITU) TRIGA Mark II Research Reactor. The procedure was divided into six steps including quantification of the source term, specification of meteorological data, atmospheric dispersion model selection, atmospheric dispersion and deposition calculation, biosphere and geosphere transport calculation, and finally dose and risk calculation. The acquisition of data and parameters for these steps were discussed in detail to provide insight to users of the integrated method. The evaluation of wind direction and speed defined in the safety analysis report of the reactor showed that the average wind direction at the reactor site altered from NE direction to NE-NNE over time but speed stayed almost the same. The maximum-total cloudshine and groundshine as a result of annual exposure rate were found as 21.1 μSv/yr at ITU Ayazağa Campus. For inhalation, Ba-140 and I-131 were found to have the highest risk in mortality and morbidity, respectively. The same is true for Sr-90 and I-131 in the lifetime intake of food while in the lifetime intake of tap water, Sr-90 is the leading radioisotope for both mortality and morbidity risks. However, all calculated values are quite low considering the survival rates. Moreover, the results of the study provides useful insight into the understanding of necessities while shedding light on limitations.