Effects of the Continuously Operating Reference Station (CORS) network on the accuracy, precision, and Time to Fix Ambiguity (TTFA) performance

Gokdas O., Özlüdemir M. T.

EARTH SCIENCES RESEARCH JOURNAL, vol.26, no.2, pp.131-138, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.15446/esrj.v26n2.89819
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Fuente Academica Plus, Geobase, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.131-138
  • Keywords: ISKI CORS, CORS-TR, network, accuracy, precision, RTK
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The geometric design of the Continuously Operating Reference Station (CORS) network is one of the most critical factors that impact accuracy, precision, and Time to Fix Ambiguity (TTFA) performance. In this study, the authors investigate the subject of geometric design by using both local ISKI CORS and national CORS-Turkey (CORS-TR) networks, and they redesign the ISKI CORS network by increasing interstation distances. For three systems, real-time Virtual Reference Station (VRS) solutions have been obtained and tested with Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). As a result, the 8-station ISKI CORS provides the most accurate results in the vertical component. In contrast, for TTFA performance, the CORS-TR network shows worse outcomes than the others. Due to the increase in the interstation distances, the increase in the base length caused worse results in FIX solution ratios for redesigned ISKI CORS. In summary, the authors have stated that the 8-station ISKI CORS network performs better, especially regarding vertical accuracy. Furthermore, the authors state that the TTFA performance and FIX solution ratios are high, and the ISKI CORS geometric design is optimal.