Improving the Electrochemical Performance of the Tin Based Anodes formed via Oblique Angle Deposition Method

Polat B. D., Sezgin N., Keles O.

Symposium on Lithium-Ion Batteries held during the 224th meeting of The Electrochemical-Society (ECS), San-Francisco, Costa Rica, 27 October - 01 November 2013, vol.58, pp.23-33 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 58
  • Doi Number: 10.1149/05848.0023ecst
  • City: San-Francisco
  • Country: Costa Rica
  • Page Numbers: pp.23-33
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


An oblique angle electron beam co-deposition technique was used to fabricate nanostructured Sn based thin films: Sn, Cu-Sn and Cu-Sn-C. The morphological and structural properties of the films were observed via scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thin film X-ray diffraction methods (XRD). The cyclic voltammetry (CV) and the galvanostatic test results demonstrated that the addition of Cu with or without C affected the electrochemical performance of the thin film positively since Cu and C improved both the mechanical and the electrical properties of the nanostructured Sn thin film electrode. The high cycleability and the capacity retention were achieved when the nanostructured Cu-Sn-C thin film was used as an anode material since C increased the mechanical tolerance of the thin film to the volume expansion due to its grain refiner effect, and Cu not only improved the electrical conductivity and the adhesion of the film to substrate but also the mechanical tolerance of the film with its ductile property.