de Sitter expansion with anisotropic fluid in Bianchi type-I space-time


Akarsu O. , Kilinc C. B.

ASTROPHYSICS AND SPACE SCIENCE, vol.326, no.2, pp.315-322, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 326 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10509-009-0254-9
  • Title of Journal : ASTROPHYSICS AND SPACE SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.315-322
  • Keywords: Bianchi type-I, de Sitter expansion, Cosmological constant, Anisotropic fluid, COSMOLOGICAL MODELS, WMAP DATA, INFLATIONARY COSMOLOGY, VARIABLE-G, UNIVERSE, FIELD, CONSTANT, FLATNESS, ISOTROPY, HORIZON

Abstract

Some features of the Bianchi type-I universes in the presence of a fluid that wields an anisotropic equation of state (EoS) parameter are discussed in the context of general relativity. The models that exhibit de Sitter volumetric expansion due to the constant effective energy density (the sum of the energy density of the fluid and the anisotropy energy density) are of particular interest. We also introduce two locally rotationally symmetric models, which exhibit de Sitter volumetric expansion in the presence of a hypothetical fluid that has been obtained by minimally altering the conventional vacuum energy. In the first model, the directional EoS parameter on the x axis is assumed to be -1, while the ones on the other axes and the energy density of the fluid are allowed to be functions of time. In the second model, the energy density of the fluid is assumed to be constant, while the directional EoS parameters are allowed to be functions of time.