EXAMINING THE DEFECTS AND INTERVENTIONS IN THE COMPONENTS OF REUSED INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS-CASE OF TURKEY


Çakır H. Y., Edis F. E.

9th Euro-American Congress on Construction Pathology, Rehabilitation Technology and Heritage Management, REHABEND 2022, Granada, Spain, 13 - 16 September 2022, pp.2056-2066 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Granada
  • Country: Spain
  • Page Numbers: pp.2056-2066
  • Keywords: Adaptive reuse, Building components, Defect, Industrial buildings, Intervention
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022, University of Cantabria - Building Technology R&D Group. All rights reserved.In the 18th century, the developments in the field of production technology which is called the Industrial Revolution caused many changes and new facilities were built by fallowing per under changing production processes, while the others became idle. However, in the 1960-70s, conservation of these facilities gained importance since they reflect their periods’ characteristics. In this context, reuse is seen as one of the suitable methods both to protect their knowledge and to ensure continuous use and maintenance. During the reuse process, interventions can be made to eliminate the defects and previous interventions, and to fulfil spatial and physical requirements of the selected new function and users. Through these purposes, interventions are made at the scales of building, element, and component. Within the scope of a master study, interventions made in the reuse process of 15 industrial facilities in Turkey were examined in these scales and their relations with the selected function were evaluated. In this paper, seven of these facilities and their 16 blocks adapted from ‘food, beverages and tobacco manufacture’ and ‘water works and supply’ to cultural centre, museum, and education functions are considered to examine component scale interventions. Relatedly, interventions collected from restitution, survey, and restoration projects and reports are evaluated under (i) maintenance and repair, (ii) consolidation and strengthening, (iii) to meet performance requirement, and (iv) other interventions categories by associating with too. Analyses showed that the frequency of these interventions categories decreases in the given order in these case blocks. Since all blocks have registration and masonry structural external wall, maintenance and repair interventions gain importance to repair defects and turn blocks their original state, but interventions to meet new function’s performance requirements are less due to a thick external wall. The elements and components where the interventions were mostly implemented are the roof and masonry structural external wall, and core and finishing layers, respectively, which are open to climatic conditions.