The impact of the molecular weight of dextran on formation of whey protein isolate (WPI)-dextran conjugates in fibers produced by needleless electrospinning after annealing

Turan D., GİBİS M., Güneş G., BAİER S. K., WEİSS J.

FOOD & FUNCTION, vol.9, no.4, pp.2193-2200, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1039/c7fo02041d
  • Journal Name: FOOD & FUNCTION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2193-2200
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The conjugation reaction of electrospun fibers of a mixture of whey protein isolate (WPI) and dextran using different molecular weights (40, 70, and 100 kDa) and mixing ratios was studied. This study includes the electrospinnability of a mixture of WPI and dextran, and the conjugation reaction between them via the initial stage of the Maillard reaction. The WPI-dextran fibers were characterized using optical and transmission electron microscopy. The covalent attachment of dextran to WPI was confirmed using sodium-dodecyl-sulfate-polyacrylamide gel-electrophoresis with protein and glycoprotein staining. Both 70 and 100 kDa of dextran and WPI at mixing ratios of 2 :1 and 3 :1 in phosphate buffer (30 mM, pH 6.5) were electrospun using needleless electrospinning. The solution concentration of the mixture was 50 wt% (33.3/37.5 wt% for dextran/16.5/12.5 wt% for WPI). The optimal conjugation conditions chosen from the experiments were a mixture of dextran (70 kDa)-WPI at 3 :1(75% relative humidity, 60 degrees C, 48 h).