MINERALOGICAL AND GEOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF CAN VOLCANICS AND RELEATED KAOLIN DEPOSITS, CANAKKALE, TURKEY


Ünal Ercan H. , Ece O. I. , Karacık Z.

13th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference, SGEM 2013, Albena, Bulgaristan, 16 - 22 Haziran 2013, ss.121-128 identifier

  • Basıldığı Şehir: Albena
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Bulgaristan
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.121-128

Özet

The Saribeyli - Sigirli and Bodurlar kaolin deposits (Canakkale) are hosted by andesitic tuffs of the Oligocene volcanic rocks. can volcanis are classified as andesite, basaltic-andesite and basaltic-trachy andesite and tuffs can be classified as andesite and rhyolite. Saribeyli-Sigirli kaolin deposit exposes the following mineral zonations from the fault zone to the outer; i) quartz, ii) alunite +/- quartz +/- kaolinite +/- dickite, iii) kaolinite +/- dickite +/- alunite +/- quartz and iv) kaolinite +illite +feldspar, respectively. Bodurlu kaolin deposit exposes the following mineral zonations from the fault zone to the outer; i) quartz +/- Feoxides +/- alunite +/- jarosite and ii) kaolinite +/- halloysite +/- illite +/- quartz +/- feldspar, respectively. The N30 degrees W trending two faults passes through the north and south boundaries of kaolin quarry and four quarries have been operating inside the small scale graben. Fault zones pass through inside the Bodurlu quarry exhibit a group of six parallel fracture systems rather than single fault zone and kaolinization occurred between and vicinity of these fracture systems. Based on FE-SEM studies, micro-morphologic features of kaolinite crystals show that kaolinite occurs as hexagonal blocky and book-shaped kaolinite which forms as ordered and disordered crystals. Halloysite habits are parallel and randomly non-parallel sticks. The delta S-34 values of Saribeyli-Sigirli deposits range from +4.1 to +2.4 %o and these values reflect its formation from magmatic-hydrothermal derived sulfur source. The delta O-18 and delta D values in these deposits range from + 6.7 to + 12.7 %o and from -61 to -97 parts per thousand, respectively, which are very close the line of primitive magmatic water. Isotopes data suggest that original geothermal waters were the mixture of magmatic water and meteoric waters. O-and H-isotopic values of the Bodurlu kaolin deposit are between delta O-18 +14.5 / +17 %o and for delta D -90 / 99 parts per thousand, which data reflect genesis of supergene origin and enriched regarding of delta O-18 values.