Journal of Research in Atmospheric Science, vol.1, no.1, pp.10-14, 2019 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)
Traffic management is one of the main application areas for ITS (Intelligent Transportation Systems). This
management begins with the collection of movements and data affecting the route. Ultimately, the data will
be used for information access systems. This study is one of the study areas of “Scenario for Reducing the
Dilovasi Air Pollution with the ITS Application” which is supported by TUBITAK within the COST
(European Cooperation in Scientific and Technology) Program. Within the scope of “Scenario for Reducing
Air Pollution with the Intelligent Transport System Application” work package, an alternative route design
was made to TEM (Trans European Motorway). Air pollution from road traffic has the highest share in air
pollution caused by transportation. Dilovası, which is designated as a sample region in this study, is a region
where high industrialization and the main arteries connecting Istanbul metropolises to other cities pass
through the city center, where air pollution is intense and the effects caused by this pollution are seen
intensively. Transfer to north of vehicle traffic will reduce the air pollution caused by transport to the region.
The variable values of air pollution make it possible to use the newly designed road as an alternative way.
It is planned that the TEM will be closed and the alternative route will be mandatory if air pollution reaches
the value that will affect human health. There are two air pollution measuring stations in the Dilovası region.
These stations measure air pollution and produce standardized data. If the data received from the stations
are evaluated as part of the ITS designed in the project and the values are not at the desired level, the
decision to close the current route is given by the system. This decision must be forwarded to the drivers
on the road approaching the area. Among the methods used are many applications such as variable message
boards, radios, internet and smart phone systems. The aim is that drivers should turn to an alternative route
and should be informed that the current route is closed. In addition, it is important to establish a working
system based on meteorological conditions like air pollution in its application. For example, the prevailing
wind in the region is known to blow from the north-northeast direction and carry pollution to the region.
Therefore, it will be ensured that the emissions from the highway will be transported out of the region by
an alternative route.