Cation Effect on Slow Release from Alginate Beads: A Fluorescence Study

KAYGUSUZ H., Erim F. B., Pekcan O., Evingur G. A.

JOURNAL OF FLUORESCENCE, vol.24, no.1, pp.161-167, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10895-013-1282-y
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.161-167
  • Keywords: Slow release, Metal ions, Fluorescence, Encapsulation efficiency, Pyranine, SMALL-MOLECULE DIFFUSION, IOTA-CARRAGEENAN, TRANSITION, HYDROGELS, PYRANINE, FILMS, BA2+, CA2+, GELS, PH
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, spherical alginate beads containing pyranine (P-y) as a fluorescence probe were prepared by ionotropic gelation of a sodium alginate solution. The steady state fluorescence technique was used to study pyranine release from the alginate beads crosslinked with calcium, barium and aluminum ions, respectively. The slow release of P-y was observed with the time drive mode of the spectrophotometer at 512 nm. Fluorescence emission intensity (I-p) from P-y was monitored during the release process, and the encapsulation efficiency (EE) of pyranine from the alginate beads was calculated. The Fickian Diffusion model was used to measure the release coefficients, D-sl. It was seen that the slow release coefficients of pyranine from the alginate beads crosslinked with Ca2+, Ba2+, and Al3+ ions increased in the following order: D-sl (Al3+)> D-sl (Ca2+)> D-sl (Ba2+). In contrast, the initial amount of pyranine and EE into the beads showed the reverse behavior.