Assessment of the use of dredged marine materials in sanitary landfills: A case study from the Marmara sea

Çevikbilen G. , Basar H. M. , Karadoğan Ü. , Teymür B. , Dagli S., Tolun L.

WASTE MANAGEMENT, vol.113, pp.70-79, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 113
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.wasman.2020.05.044
  • Title of Journal : WASTE MANAGEMENT
  • Page Numbers: pp.70-79


Worldwide production of large volumes of dredged materials (DMs) has become a pressing environmental problem. In Turkey, the government has yet to develop management strategies that successfully prevent or minimize dumping into the Marmara Sea. One potential solution is the utilization of the DMs as a source of material for earthworks, particularly in sanitary landfills in Istanbul and Kocaeli. The most economically developed cities in Turkey, they were evaluated in terms of potential environmental impacts and regulatory compliance. Five ports/harbors representing specific portions of the study area and different industrial activities were selected as pilot regions. Physical, chemical, mineralogical, toxicological, and leaching potential measurements of DMs dredged from the seabed revealed they qualify as nonhazardous waste. Index and engineering tests performed on raw and processed DMs were assessed to determine the geotechnical requirements for soil-based materials (SBM) used in sanitary landfills. The results showed that non-hazardous DMs could be utilized as a cover, base/cap liner, and/or fill material at various sections within the landfills. This method provides environmental advantages not seen with other management strategies for DMs such as dumping at sea or upland disposal. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.