Cumulant expansion in gluon saturation and five- and six-gluon azimuthal correlations

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Özönder Ş.

PHYSICAL REVIEW D, vol.96, no.7, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 96 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1103/physrevd.96.074005
  • Title of Journal : PHYSICAL REVIEW D


Correlations between the momenta of the final state hadrons measured in proton or nucleus collisions contain information that sheds light on the initial conditions and evolutionary dynamics of the collision system. These correlation measurements have revealed the long-range rapidity correlations in p-p and p-Pb systems, and they have also made it possible to extract the elliptic flow coefficient from hadron correlation measurements. In this work, we calculate five- and six-gluon correlation functions in the framework of saturation physics by using superdiagrams. We also derive the cumulant expansion of the gluon correlators that is valid in the gluon saturation limit. We show that the cumulant expansion of the gluon correlators that is used for counting the number of diagrams to be calculated does not follow the standard cumulant expansion. We also explain how these findings can be used in obtaining experimentally relevant observables such as flow coefficients calculated from correlations as well as ratios of the correlation functions of different orders.