Unsymmetrical phthalocyanines with cyclopalladated azo functions

Akkurt H. Y. Y., OKUR A. I., Gül A.

JOURNAL OF PORPHYRINS AND PHTHALOCYANINES, vol.16, no.2, pp.192-199, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


In this study, a synthetic procedure for unsymmetrical metallophthalocyanines of the form M[Pc(AB(3))], where A and B refer to two different types of peripheral functionality, has been developed and the new compounds have been converted to monomeric and dimeric palladium complexes. Asymmetrically substituted phthalocyanines were synthesized with the well-known statistical condensation method, by using two differently substituted precursors, namely 4-(2-ethoxyethoxy)-1-2-dicyanobenzene (1) and 4-{4-[Z/E]-phenylazo]-1-naphthyl}oxy-1,2-dicyanobenzene (2). Consequently, electron-donating 2-ethoxyethoxy groups and electron-withdrawing palladium complex are present in the same structure. Cyclopalladation was performed with [Pd(PhCN)(2)Cl-2] to yield the bis-mu-chloro-bridged dimers and subsequently, the corresponding monomers were obtained by refluxing with three equivalents of potassium acetylacetonate. The resulting products were purified by column chromatography and characterized by several chemical and spectroscopic analysis methods. All compounds have very high solubility in organic solvents due to the presence of 2-ethoxyethoxy moiety.