Aerosol filtration performance of nanofibrous mats produced via electrically assisted industrial-scale solution blowing


Gungor M., Toptas A., Çalışır M. D. , Kılıç A.

POLYMER ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/pen.25780
  • Title of Journal : POLYMER ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE
  • Keywords: filtration, nanofiber, nanotechnology, polyamides, solution blowing, BICOMPONENT POLYMER NANOFIBERS, ULTRAFINE FIBERS, FILTERS, ELECTROSPUN, MORPHOLOGY, PARTICLES, DIAMETER, WEB

Abstract

Highly efficient polyamide 6 (PA6)-based nanofibrous air filter media was developed for particulate matter (PM) removal in the ambient atmosphere. The PA6 nanofibrous mats exhibited 85% PM0.3 capture performance at a cost of 164 Pa pressure drop when the multiple-nozzle solution blowing system was set to 8 m/h fabric winding speed. However, an increase in the winding speed at a constant feeding rate lowered the filtration efficiency to 62% due to the less amount of nanofibrous mats collected on the substrate. The application of electrical field at the same parameters allowed us to produce a filter media having FFP3-level filtration performance, which means 99% PM0.3 capture performance. This was attributed to a fine fiber diameter (116 nm), higher solidity value (0.149), and lower average pore size (2.28 mu m). These results show that the electrically assisted solution blowing provides a feasible route for the production of high-quality nanofibrous filter media.