Besides of being an important literary symbol, the concept of "pervane" also possesses a very wide range of meanings representing the inward meanings put forward by the mystic belief systems of Anatolia. An analysis of the concept of "pervane" depending on the roots of literature and religious philosophy will be helpful to illuminate the backgrounds of Alevi and Bektasi belief systems and the Mevlevi order that had interacted with them. Also, understanding the conceptual role of the pervane term within the rites like semah and sema being aroused within these systems, makes it possible to reveal the philosophical backgrounds of these rites. Therefore the discovery of the "pervane" concept will assist to understand the relation of the "semah" and "sema" concepts with "vahdet-i mevcut and vahdet-i yucud philoshopies respectively. This approach will be beneficial in discovering very precious pieces of knowledge to denote the cultural identities and perceptions of belief and God for Anatolian people.