Tubular PAN/CNC thin film nanocomposite (TFN) pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) membrane: fabrication and preliminary evaluation in desalination process


Paşaoğlu M. E. , Koyuncu İ.

CELLULOSE, vol.28, pp.8653-8670, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10570-021-04087-z
  • Title of Journal : CELLULOSE
  • Page Numbers: pp.8653-8670

Abstract

The pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) process requires high performance, high flux, high rejection, and resistant membranes under harsh conditions. Since conventional phase-inversion membranes are insufficient to permit the required water flux, alternative membrane fabrication methods need to be developed. Many studies have recently been carried out to fabricate strong enough nanofiber PRO membranes resistant to higher pressure while providing high flux and high rejection rates. This work aims to fabricate tubular nanofiber PRO membranes by the electrospinning technique. In the study, cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) were added to polyacrylonitrile (PAN) polymer solution to fabricate nanocomposite nanofiber PRO membranes. According to the scanning electron microscopy (SEM), FT-IR, dynamic mechanical analysis, porometer, and contact angle analysis results, it is concluded that PAN and CNCs provided a complete mixture, and the addition of CNCs increased the mechanical strength in the PAN membranes, which is the crucial phenomena in PRO applications. In this study, the newly fabricated membrane achieves a higher PRO water flux of 405.38 LMH using 1 M NaCl and a DI as feed water. The corresponding salt flux is found as 2.10 gMH, which is higher than our previous study. The selectivity of the reversed flux represented by the ratio of the water flux to the reversed salt flux (Jw/Js) was able to be kept as high as 193.03 L/g for PRO operation. As far as we know, the performance of the work-developed membrane in this study has shown better performance than all PRO membranes reported in the literature previously.