Microwave Drying Kinetics of a Thin-Layer Liquorice Root


Balbay A., Sahin Ö.

DRYING TECHNOLOGY, vol.30, no.8, pp.859-864, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/07373937.2012.670682
  • Title of Journal : DRYING TECHNOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.859-864
  • Keywords: Drying, Kinetic, Liquorice root, Thermal analysis, ENERGY, DRYER

Abstract

Liquorice root (LR) (Glycyrrize glabra) is known as a sweetener and medicine plant. Drying kinetics of LR with initial moisture content of 49.5% (wet basis (w.b)) were experimentally investigated in a microwave drying system. The drying experiments were carried out at different drying temperatures (40, 45, 50, and 55 degrees C) and microwave power levels (250, 500 and 750 W). Several models from literature were selected to fit the experimental data. The fit quality of models was evaluated using the coefficient of determination (R 2), sum square error (SSE), and root mean square error (RMSE). A new model has been proposed for LR drying in the microwave drying. This new model best describes the experimental data for LRs. The activation energy was calculated to be 46.807 kJ/mol and effective diffusivity ranged from 2.9 x 10(-9) to 5.41 x 10(-9) m(2)/s, depending on drying temperatures at constant microwave power level.