Evaluation of Microsilica and Nanosilica on Bond Properties between Moderate–High Strength Concrete and Plain–Ribbed Steel Rebar

Bicakci S. N., Baran S., Boyaci B., Turkmenoglu H. N., Turan O. T., Atahan H. N.

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING, vol.36, no.2, pp.1-16, 2024 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1061/jmcee7.mteng-15661
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, Geobase, ICONDA Bibliographic, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-16
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


Individual and synergistic effects of microsilica (MS) and nanosilica (NS) on the bond properties between moderate–high strengthconcrete and plain–ribbed steel rebar were investigated. Two different concrete series with water–cementitious material ratio (W=Cm) of 0.55and 0.36 were studied. Pull-out tests were performed to analyze the bond strength and bond-slip behavior. Compressive strength, splittingtensile strength, and elastic modulus of the samples were also reported. Results have revealed that although the compressive strength showeda considerable increase after adding MS and/or NS, the modulus of elasticity and splitting tensile strength were not affected considerably.With the addition of MS and/or NS, while an increment was seen in the bond strength for the plain rebar, no significant effect was observedfor the ribbed one. In addition, despite residual bond strengths showing an increase in the plain rebar, a reduction was seen for the ribbed one.In terms of slip energy, the use of MS and/or NS for plain rebar made a positive contribution, i.e., the slip energies for both concrete strengthgroups increased. On the other hand, for the ribbed rebar case, slip energy was negatively affected for the concrete with W=Cm of 0.55, whileno significant trend was observed for the0.36W=Cm group. Based on the bond-slip data obtained, new prediction models were proposedto estimate bond strength and bond-slip behavior for both rebar types. These are compared with other models available in the literature.For the ribbed rebar, the slip amount, where the plateau region on the bond stress versus slip curves begins, was significantly lower thanthe assumptions considered in the other models. Considering the descending parts of bond stress versus slip relations, the residual bond stresscan be maintained more efficiently in plain compared to ribbed rebar.