Thirty-four patients with moderate-severe hirsutism were enrolled in this study. The patients received 125 mg/day flutamide for a period of 6 months. Hirsutism score and hormone parameters including FSH, LH, T, free T, androstenedione (A), DHEAS, PRL and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) levels were evaluated in ail patients before treatment and repeated at every three-monthly intervals. Hirsutism greatly improved during flutamide therapy, and the hirsutism score significantly decreased at month 3 and 6 from a mean (+/-SD) of 17.19+/-4.55 to 10.75+/-3.84 (p<0.001) and 17.19+/-4.55 to 5.91+/-2.53 (p<0.001), respectively. A significant reduction in hirsutism score (mean%+/-SD) as compared to baseline was observed at 3 months (37.78+/-13.30, p<0.001) and at 6 months (65.47+/-13.49, p<0.001). No significant changes in the levels of hormone and no serious side effects were observed in the patients. The lower dose flutamide, 125 mg/day, is a safe and cost-effective drug in the treatment of hirsutism. Lower dose flutamide may be used in place of high dose flutamide, 250 to 750 mg/day. (C)1999, Editrice Kurtis.