A research, which has been conducted to study quality circle activities in the Turkish industry, has revealed that quality circles are implemented by a limited number of establishments. 18 large scale industrial organizations that operate, or intend to operate quality circles have been identified. The patriarchal nature of the Turkish culture, the economic circumstances of Turkey, the educational and social backgrounds of quality circle members, and the policies of top managements and labor unions are the main obstacles for QC implementation. The sample studied in this research is too small to carry out reliable statistical tests. When the results are reviewed, however, it seems that quality circles are functioning just on the borderline.