VIP-Man: An image-based whole-body adult male model constructed from color photographs of the visible human project for multi-particle Monte Carlo calculations

Xu X., Chao T., Bozkurt A.

Health Physics, vol.78, no.5, pp.476-486, 2000 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 78 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/00004032-200005000-00003
  • Journal Name: Health Physics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.476-486
  • Keywords: Monte Carlo, modeling, dose assessment, imaging, dose, internal
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


Human anatomical models have been indispensable to radiation protection dosimetry using Monte Carlo calculations. Existing MIRD-based mathematical models are easy to compute and standardize, but they are simplified and crude compared to human anatomy. This article describes the development of an image-based whole-body model, called VIP-Man, using transversal color photographic images obtained from the National Library of Medicine's Visible Human Project for Monte Carlo organ dose calculations involving photons, electron, neutrons, and protons. As the first of a series of papers on dose calculations based on VIP-Man, this article provides detailed information about how to construct an image-based model, as well as how to adopt it into well-tested Monte Carlo codes, EGS4, MCNP4B, and MCNPX.