Cost assessment and evaluation of various hydrogen delivery scenarios

Demir M. E., Dincer I.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.43, no.22, pp.10420-10430, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 22
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.08.002
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.10420-10430
  • Keywords: Hydrogen production, Hydrogen storage systems, Hydrogen distribution systems, Cost analysis, LONG-TERM, INFRASTRUCTURE, STORAGE, MODEL, EVOLUTION, PROPOSAL, HYDRIDE, SYSTEMS, ENERGY
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


In this paper, performance and cost assessment studies, including the stages of hydrogen storage, transmission and distribution of three different hydrogen delivery pathways are undertaken comparatively. The produced hydrogen is stored under different temperatures and pressures and then transported to the nearby cities for distribution. In addition, three different methods for the transportation of the produced hydrogen to the distribution centers are studied, which are as transportation for hydrogen by the pressurized tanks, cryogenic liquid hydrogen tanker and the gas pipelines. Moreover, the transmission options from the distribution center to the target consumer are also examined for three different conditions. As a result, the hydrogen production capacity, the levelized cost of energy distribution (in $/kg), the infrastructure costs (truck, tanker number, gas line costs, etc.) for the selected transmission scenario are calculated. Furthermore, the environmental impact (greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions) and some application parameters of the proposed system (e.g., number of hydrogen fuel stations and the distance between the stations, length of the distribution lines, etc.) are also determined. The highest levelized cost of delivery is obtained as 8.02 $/kg H-2 for the first scenario whereas the lowest cost is obtained as 2.73 $/kg H-2 for the third scenario. (C) 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.