This work offers useful insights into the evaluation of the electric arc furnace dust in green energy applications by surface engineering. To produce low-carbon-footprint electrodes, for the first time in the open literature, the practical pyrolysis (of sucrose) method is applied to create a nanometer-thick carbon layer over the dust. Advanced techniques are used to characterize the carbon-coated electric arc furnace flue dust morphologically, structurally, and chemically. Galvanostatic tests reveal that the carbon-coated dust exhibits 600 mAh g(-1) discharge capacity after 250 cycles. The rate test proves that the carbon-coated dust can withstand a high current load (2A g(-1)) and delivers 540 mAh g(-1) after 250 cycles when the current load is decreased to 0.1A g(-1). This obtained capacity shows that with the correct material selection and process design, it is possible to produce low carbon footprint electrodes at a low cost. Electrochemical characterizations indicate that the lithiation reaction of the carbon-coated dust takes place similarly to that of the anode materials which are made of synthetically fabricated carbon-coated transition metal oxides and/or ferrites. It is anticipated that this study sets an example for the valorization of the various industrial wastes in energy applications in the future.