A novel simplified ballistic impact theory for woven composites

Dogan U., Sünbüloğlu E.

International Journal of Impact Engineering, vol.177, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 177
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2023.104530
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Impact Engineering
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, L'Année philologique, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Ballistic impact, Residual velocity, Shear plugging, Woven composite
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2023 Elsevier LtdComposite behaviour under ballistic impact is a challenging engineering problem due to its nonlinear nature, besides the ballistic impact itself is a dynamic and complex phenomenon. This study presents a novel analytical formulation for the speed reduction of impacts of bullet-type projectiles based on in-plane tensile failure energy absorption, including a new approach representing the energy absorption due to friction. Since for low-velocity impacts, energy absorption mechanisms are drastically different from high-velocity impacts, limitation algorithms are developed to accommodate for low-velocity impact cases. The developed formulations are applied to real and virtual ballistic impact test cases to predict the residual velocities. A satisfying correlation between results is observed.