Adhesion strength behaviour of plasma pre-treated and laminated polypropylene nonwoven fabrics using acrylic and polyurethane-based adhesives


Armagan O. G. , KAYAOGLU B. , Karakas H. , GUNER F. S.

JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL TEXTILES, vol.43, no.3, pp.396-414, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1528083712458303
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL TEXTILES
  • Page Numbers: pp.396-414

Abstract

The adhesion strength enhancement of oxygen plasma pre-treated laminated polypropylene nonwoven fabrics using two different types of adhesives was investigated in this study. Fabric surface modification was performed using low-pressure, radio-frequency oxygen plasma treatment. Effect of plasma treatment on fabric surface wettability was determined by vertical wicking measurements. Wettability of highly hydrophobic polypropylene nonwoven samples dramatically increased with increasing plasma power and exposure time. Plasma-treated polypropylene fibers showed rougher surfaces with increased plasma power and treatment times. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis showed that oxygen plasma treatment of polypropylene fiber surface led to a significant increase in atomic percentage of oxygen compound responsible for hydrophilic surface. Peel strength enhancement of produced laminated fabrics was observed for plasma-treated samples compared to untreated samples. PU-based adhesive attached on the surface of both plasma-treated and untreated polypropylene nonwoven, filling the spaces between the fibers due to the penetration of the adhesive agent. The improvement in surface wettability of polypropylene nonwoven and the introduced sites through oxygen plasma treatment resulted in good adhesive bonding. For both adhesives, peel strength improvement of produced laminated fabrics was observed for plasma-treated samples compared to untreated ones. After lamination with polyurethane-based adhesive and 20 wash cycles, decrease in peel bond strength was between 22% and 25% for plasma-treated samples, while it was 36% for untreated fabrics. Laminated samples using acrylic-based adhesives showed much lower peel strength values and washing resistance than samples laminated with polyurethane-based adhesives.