The Tradition of Writing Biography and Biographical Lexicons Written After Republic Period Biyografi Yazma Geleneği ve Cumhuriyet Sonrasında Biyografi Sözlükleri


Bilig, vol.2022, no.102, pp.1-25, 2022 (SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2022 Issue: 102
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Name: Bilig
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, Index Islamicus, Linguistic Bibliography, Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Political Science Complete, Sociological abstracts, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-25
  • Keywords: biography, folk-poetry (şair-nâme), glossary of authors and poets, tezkire, Turkish Literature
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


© 2022, Ahmet Yesevi University. All rights reserved.Biography which initially centered around “tezkire”, gains an identity that presents judgments-based sources in the Tanzimat period with the influence of biographies developed in the West. Writing biography in Turkish literature never loses its identity coming from the tradition of “tezkire”. Outstanding examples of standard biographies as well as lexicographic ones are written till Republic period. In folk literature, biographical folk-poetry (şair-nâme) is the precursor of the genre, but its function is limited with giving few characteristics of poets in few verses. In the early Republican period, glossa-ries of authors and poets which were written in line with the requirements of literature courses in secondary schools have been comprehensively used afterwards. Edebiyatımızda İsimler Sözlüğü (The Glossary of Authors and Poets in Our Literature) which is written by Behçet Necatigil between the years of 1960-1978 becomes an important role model. In the beginning of 2000’s with the studies handled by institutions or sometimes commissions, biographical lexicons are expanded to encyclopedic scale. Today common usage of internet opens a road for transferring biographical lexicons to digital data bases. In this study, the improvement of the writing biography tradition starting with “tezkire”s and reaching to databases has been examined around the change of biographical lexicons after the Republican period.