AI powered road network prediction with fused low-resolution satellite imagery and GPS trajectory

Creative Commons License

Gengec N. E., Tarı E., Bagci U.

Earth Science Informatics, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12145-023-01201-6
  • Journal Name: Earth Science Informatics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, Geobase, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Data fusion, Deep learning, GPS trajectory, Multi-modal data, Road detection
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This study presents an innovative approach for automatic road detection with deep learning, employing fusion strategies to utilize both lower-resolution satellite imagery and GPS trajectory data, a concept never explored before. We rigorously investigate both early and late fusion strategies and assess deep learning-based road detection performance using different fusion settings. Our extensive ablation studies evaluate the efficacy of our framework under diverse model architectures, loss functions, and geographic domains (Istanbul and Montreal). For an unbiased and complete evaluation of road detection results, we use both region-based and boundary-based evaluation metrics for road segmentation. The outcomes reveal that the ResUnet model outperforms U-Net and D-Linknet in road extraction tasks, achieving superior results over the benchmark study using low-resolution Sentinel-2 data. This research not only contributes to the field of automatic road detection but also offers novel insights into the utilization of data fusion methods in diverse applications.