Isolating the direct and indirect impacts of urbanization on vegetation carbon sequestration capacity in a large oasis city: evidence from Urumqi, China


Zhuang Q., Shao Z., Li D., Huang X., Altan O., Wu S., ...More

GEO-SPATIAL INFORMATION SCIENCE, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10095020.2022.2118624
  • Journal Name: GEO-SPATIAL INFORMATION SCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Geobase, INSPEC, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Oasis, urbanization, vegetation, carbon neutrality, net primary productivity (NPP), NET PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY, LAND-USE, LONG-TERM, DYNAMICS, TRANSFORMATION, FLUXES, GROWTH
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Oasis cities are deeply affected by human activities in arid and semi-arid regions. Vegetation is an important repository in the carbon cycle of oasis urban ecosystems. The continuous expansion of urban has a disproportionate impact on the carbon sequestration capacity of vegetation. Till now, studies have been conducted to quantify the impact of urbanization on vegetation carbon sequestration capacity, the mechanism of such impact remains unclear and lacks systematic investigations, especially in oasis urban. Understanding the impact mechanism greatly benefits the sustainable development of oasis urban and regional carbon neutrality. To fill this knowledge gap, we design a theoretical framework to analyze the impact of urbanization on vegetation carbon sequestration capacity by isolating the direct and indirect impacts in Urumqi, China. Some results based on Landsat images indicated that the Impervious Surface Areas (ISAs) expanded by 436.98 km(2) during 2000 - 2019. The Net Primary Productivity (NPP) calculated using the Vegetation Photosynthesis Model (VPM) was directly caused by the loss of 51.45 Gg C (1 Gg = 109 g). Another important finding proved that the direct carbon loss caused by urbanization did not change the upward trend of the total carbon sequestration capacity of vegetation, but only slowed down this upward trend by 20.86%. Our results provide new insights into urban vegetation carbon sinks and contribute to a better understanding of the uncertainty of urbanization toward carbon neutrality. This study will provide scientific data support and suggestions for the sustainable development of oasis cities and the regional carbon budget.