Stock Price Prediction Using Predictive Error Compensation Wavelet Neural Networks

Kulaglic A., Üstündağ B. B.

CMC-COMPUTERS MATERIALS & CONTINUA, vol.68, no.3, pp.3577-3593, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 68 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.32604/cmc.2021.014768
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, zbMATH, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.3577-3593
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Machine Learning (ML) algorithms have been widely used for financial time series prediction and trading through bots. In this work, we propose a Predictive Error Compensated Wavelet Neural Network (PEC-WNN) ML model that improves the prediction of next day closing prices. In the proposed model we use multiple neural networks where the first one uses the closing stock prices from multiple-scale time-domain inputs. An additional network is used for error estimation to compensate and reduce the prediction error of the main network instead of using recurrence. The performance of the proposed model is evaluated using six different stock data samples in the New York stock exchange. The results have demonstrated significant improvement in forecasting accuracy in all cases when the second network is used in accordance with the first one by adding the outputs. The RMSE error is 33% improved when the proposed PEC-WNN model is used compared to the Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) model. Furthermore, through the analysis of training mechanisms, we found that using the updated training the performance of the proposed model is improved. The contribution of this study is the applicability of simultaneously different time frames as inputs. Cascading the predictive error compensation not only reduces the error rate but also helps in avoiding overfitting problems.