Effect of dye auxiliaries on color and COD removal from simulated reactive dyebath effluent by electrocoagulation


Kabdasli I. , VARDAR B., ARSLAN-ALATON I., TUENAY O.

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, cilt.148, ss.89-96, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 148 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.cej.2008.08.006
  • Dergi Adı: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.89-96

Özet

In this paper, application of electrocoagulation using common electrode materials (aluminum and stainless steel) to a simulated reactive dyebath effluent was investigated. A mixture of dyes and auxiliary The chemicals Father than a single dyestuff was employed to reflect actual reactive dyeing conditions. experimental study focused on the effect of individual reactive dyebath components on color and COD removal rates and efficiencies by electrocoagulation. Electrocoagulation using stainless steel electrodes was found to be more effective particularly for color abatement. Na(2)CO(3) significantly reduced the process efficiency both in terms of color and COD removals. An adverse effect on COD removal efficiency was also observed for the sequestering agent. On the other hand, increasing the NaCl concentration not only enhanced color and COD removal efficiencies but also compensated the adverse effects of Na(2)CO(3) and sequestering agent on the electrocoagulation process. The dominant mechanism of color and COD removals from reactive dyebath effluent by electrocoagulation seemed to be coagulation and adsorption at pH values above 11. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.