Working Aqueous Zn Metal Batteries at 100?C


Wang J., Yang Y., Wang Y., Dong S., Cheng L., Li Y., ...More

ACS NANO, vol.16, no.10, pp.15770-15778, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acsnano.2c04114
  • Journal Name: ACS NANO
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Compendex, EMBASE, INSPEC, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.15770-15778
  • Keywords: aqueous zinc metal battery, electrolyte engineering, energy storage, high-temperature battery, water reactivity, ION, ELECTROLYTE, ANODE
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Reliable power supplies at extremely high temperatures are urgently needed to broaden the application scenarios for electric devices. Aqueous zinc metal batteries (ZMBs) with intrinsic safety are a promising alterative for high-temperature energy storage. However, the reversibility and long-term cycling stability of aqueous ZMBs at extremely high temperatures (???100 ??C) have rarely been explored. Herein, we reveal that spontaneous Zn corrosion and severe electrochemical hydrogen evolution at high temperature are vital restrictions for traditional aqueous ZMBs. To address this, a crowding agent, 1,5-pentanediol, was introduced into an aqueous electrolyte to suppress water reactivity by strengthening O???H bonds of H2O and decreasing H2O content in the Zn2+ solvation sheath, while maintaining flame resistance of the electrolyte. Importantly, this electrolyte enabled reversible Zn deposition with a Coulombic efficiency of 98.1% and a long cycling life of Zn//Zn batteries for over 500 cycles (at 1 mA cm???2 and 0.5 mAh cm???2) at 100 ??C. Moreover, stable cycling of Zn//Te full batteries at 100 ??C was demonstrated.