Effect of sludge retention time on the biological performance of anaerobic membrane bioreactors treating corn-to-ethanol thin stillage with high lipid content


Dereli R. K. , VAN DER ZEE F. P. , HEFFERNAN B., GRELOT A., VAN LIER J. B.

WATER RESEARCH, cilt.49, ss.453-464, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 49
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.watres.2013.10.035
  • Dergi Adı: WATER RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.453-464

Özet

The potential of anaerobic membrane bioreactors (AnMBRs) for the treatment of lipid rich cornto-ethanol thin stillage was investigated at three different sludge retention times (SRT), i.e. 20, 30 and 50 days. The membrane assisted biomass retention in AnMBRs provided an excellent solution to sludge washout problems reported for the treatment of lipid rich wastewaters by granular sludge bed reactors. The AnMBRs achieved high COD removal efficiencies up to 99% and excellent effluent quality. Although higher organic loading rates (OLRs) up to 8.0 kg COD m(-3) d(-1) could be applied to the reactors operated at shorter SRTs, better biological degradation efficiencies, i.e. up to 83%, was achieved at increased SRTs. Severe long chain fatty acid (LCFA) inhibition was observed at 50 days SRT, possibly caused by the extensive dissolution of LCFA in the reactor broth, inhibiting the methanogenic biomass. Physicochemical mechanisms such as precipitation with divalent cations and adsorption on the sludge played an important role in the occurrence of LCFA removal, conversion, and inhibition. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.