Synthesis and Characterization of Electrically Conductive Composite Films of Polypyrrole/Poly(Acrylonitrile-co-Styrene)

Balkan T., Sarac A. S.

FIBERS AND POLYMERS, vol.12, no.5, pp.565-571, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12221-011-0565-7
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.565-571
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Homogeneus Polypyrrole (PPy)/poly(acrylonitrile-co-styrene) (SAN) composite thin films were prepared by chemical polymerization of pyrrole on poly(acrylonitrile-co-styrene) matrix. Ce (IV) is used as an oxidant for in-situ polymerizion of pyrrole on SAN matrix, having an advantageous over the impregnation method. The formation and incorporation of PPy in the copolymer matrix were confirmed by FTIR-ATR and UV-Visible spectrophotometric measurements. Thermal analyses showed that after polymerization of Py in copolymer matrix, thermal behavior of SAN was changed and derivative of weight loss at this temperature was increased by increasing of PPy content. XPS and FTIR-ATR analysis of composite films indicated cerium salt with nitrate ion acted as a dopant. The increase in the AC electrical conductivity of the PPy/SAN composites over pure SAN was observed. At lower frequency up to 10(5) Hz, conductivity was shown an independent behavior from frequency; but at high frequencies (10(5)-10(7) Hz), dependence on frequency was explained by polaron and bipolaron formations of PPy. The dispersion of PPy particles in copolymer matrix was proven by SEM, AFM and digital camera. By the increase of PPy content in the composite films, increase in AC conductivities, and decrease in dielectric constants and loss were observed.