Drying of Polyacrylamide Composite Gels Formed with Various Kappa- Carrageenan Content

Evingur G. A., Pekcan O.

JOURNAL OF FLUORESCENCE, vol.21, no.4, pp.1531-1537, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10895-011-0841-3
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1531-1537
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Drying of polyacrylamide (PAAm)-kappa-carrageenan (kappa C) composite gels were monitored by using steady-state fluorescence technique. Disc shaped gels were formed from acrylamide (AAm) and N, N'- methylenebisacrylamide(Bis) with various kappa- carrageenan (kappa C) contents by free radical crosslinking copolymerization in water. Pyranine (P) was doped as a fluorescence probe, and scattered light, I (sc) , and fluorescence intensities, I, were monitored during drying of these gels. It is observed that fluorescence intensity of pyranine increased as drying time is increased for all samples. The increase in I was modeled using Stern- Volmer equation and diffusion with moving boundary. It is found that desorption coefficient, D decreased as kappa C contents were increased. Supporting gravimetrical and volumetric experiments were also carried out during drying of PAAm- kappa C composite gels.