Comparison of W-VC-C Composites Against Co-60, Se-75 and Sb-125 for Gamma Radioisotope Sources

Demir E. , Tugrul A. B. , Buyuk B., Yilmaz O., Ovecoglu L.

33rd International Physics Congress of the Turkish-Physical-Society (TPS), Bodrum, Turkey, 6 - 10 September 2017, vol.1935 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 1935
  • Doi Number: 10.1063/1.5026012
  • City: Bodrum
  • Country: Turkey


Tungsten based materials are considered to be the promising materials for nuclear applications due to the good properties. The tungsten composite materials have so many advantages in nuclear technological applications especially fusion reactor systems. In this paper, Tungsten-Vanadium carbide-Graphite (W-VC-C) which include 93% tungsten (W), 6% vanadium carbide (VC) and 1% graphite (C) also which has three different alloying time (6-12-24 hours) were produced by mechanical alloying method. Co-60, Se-75 and Sb-125 gamma radioisotopeswere used as a gamma sources in order to determine behavior of gamma attenuation properties of the composite materials. The experimental results were compared with each other to clarify effects of varying gamma energies on the tungsten based composite materials. The mass attenuation coefficients of the samples were obtained by using XCOM computer code and compared with experimental data. The gamma linear attenuation, the mass attenuation coefficients and half value thickness (HVL) of the samples were evaluated and compared with Co-60, Se-75 and Sb125 for gamma radioisotopes. Results showed that gamma attenuation coefficients of the samples depend on gamma energies and mechanical alloying time has negatively effect on the gamma shielding properties for the all studied W-VC-C.