Pre-collisional accretionary growth of the southern Laurasian active margin, Central Pontides, Turkey

Aygul M., Okay A., OBERHAENSLI R., SUDO M.

TECTONOPHYSICS, vol.671, pp.218-234, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 671
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.01.010
  • Journal Name: TECTONOPHYSICS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.218-234
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Cretaceous subduction-accretionary complexes crop out over wide areas in the central part of the Pontides, northern Turkey. To the north, the wedge consists of a low-grade metaflysch sequence with blocks of marble, Na-amphibole-bearing metabasite (PT = 7-12 kbar; 400 +/- 70 degrees C) and serpentinite. Ar-40/Ar-39 phengite ages from the phyllites of the metaflysch are ca. 100 Ma. The metaflysch sequence is underlain by oceanic crust derived HP/LT metabasites and micaschists along a major detachment fault. The metabasites are epidote-blueschists consisting of glaucophane, epidote, titanite, and phengite locally with garnet. Fresh lawsonite-blueschists are exposed as blocks along the detachment fault Peak metamorphic conditions of a garnet-blueschist are constrained to 17 +/- 1 kbar and 500 +/- 40 degrees C and of a lawsonite-blueschist to 14 +/- 2 kbar and 370-440 degrees C. Ar-40/Ar-39 phengite dating on the micaschists constrains the HP/LT metamorphism as 101-92 Ma, younging southward. Middle Jurassic (ca. 160 Ma), accretionary complexes consisting of blueschist to lower greenschist facies metabasites, marble and volcanogenic metasediment intercalations are exposed at the southern part of the Cretaceous wedge. In the studied area, the North Anatolian Fault forms the contact between Cretaceous and Middle Jurassic HP/LT metamorphic rocks. Wide distribution of Cretaceous subduction-accretionary complexes implies accretionary tectonic continental growth along the Laurasian active margin. High amount of clastic sediment flux into the trench has a major effect on enlarging the wedge during the Albian. Tectonic thickening of the oceanic HP/LT metamorphic sequence, however, was possibly achieved by propagation of the decollement along the retreating slab which can create the space necessary for progressive deep level basal underplating and extension of the wedge for subsequent syn-subduction exhumation. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.