Development of highly efficient and reusable Ruthenium complex catalyst for hydrogen evolution


Kilinc D., Sahin Ö.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.47, no.6, pp.3876-3885, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2021.11.051
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.3876-3885
  • Keywords: Hydrolysis, Ru complex, Hydrogen, Sodium borohydride, SCHIFF BASE COMPLEX, SODIUM-BOROHYDRIDE, KBH4 HYDROLYSIS, GENERATION, STORAGE, CARBON, DECOMPOSITION, DEHYDROGENATION, NANOPARTICLES, OXIDATION

Abstract

Herein, we report an efficient, environmentally friendly and stable catalyst development to hydrogen evolution from sodium borohydride hydrolysis. For this purpose, Ruthenium complex catalyst successfully fabricated via 5-Amino-2,4-dichlorophenol-3,5-ditertbutylsalisylaldimine ligand and RuCl3.H2O salt. Ru complex catalyst was identified with X-Ray Diffraction Analysis, Infrared Spectroscopy, Elemental Analysis, Transmission electron microscopy, Scanning Electron Microscope and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller Surface Area Analysis. According to the analysis results, it was confirmed that Ru complex catalyst was successfully synthesized. Ru complex was used as a catalyst in NaBH4 hydrolysis. The kinetic performance of Ru complex catalyst was evaluated at various reaction tempera-tures, various sodium borohydride concentration, catalyst concentration and sodium hy-droxide concentration in hydrogen evolution. The apparent activation energy for the hydrolysis of sodium borohydride was determined as 25.8 kJ mol(-1). With fully conversion, the promised well durability of Ru complex was achieved by the five consecutive cycles for hydrogen evolution in sodium borohydride hydrolysis The hydrogen evolution rates were 299,220 and 160,832 mL H-2 g(cat)(-1) min(-1) in order of at 50 degrees C and 30 degrees C. Furthermore, the proposed mechanism of Ru complex catalyzed sodium borohydride hydrolysis was defined step by step. This study provides different insight into the rational design and utilization and catalytic effects of ruthenium complex in hydrogen evolution performance. (C) 2021 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.