IMPROVEMENT OF MECHANICAL STRENGTH OF IRON ORE PELLETS USING RAW AND ACTIVATED BENTONITES AS BINDERS


Gül A. , Sirkeci A. A. , Boylu F. , Guldan G., Burat F.

PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROBLEMS OF MINERAL PROCESSING, cilt.51, ss.23-36, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 51 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Dergi Adı: PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROBLEMS OF MINERAL PROCESSING
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.23-36

Özet

In this study, sodium, calcium, and mixed bentonite samples were used as binders in the pelletizing fine iron ore concentrate obtained from the Divrigi Iron Ore Concentration Plant in Turkey. In the pelletizing tests, sodium bentonite sample was used as received and after upgrading process. Additionally, the calcium bentonite sample required activation by sodium bicarbonate while the mixed bentonites sample was used untreated and as well as activated. The pellets produced were tested for compressive strengths, drop number, and porosity in order to characterize the pellets. The results showed that untreated and upgraded sodium bentonite samples provided relatively stronger pellets compared to calcium and the mixed type bentonite samples needed activation with sodium bicarbonate to increase the strength of the pellets. Based on the results of the drop number, compressive strengths, and porosity, it is possible to make pellets which meet the standards by adequate addition of type and amount of bentonite.