Optical and electrochemical characteristics of sol-gel deposited iron oxide films

Ozer N., Tepehan F.

SOLAR ENERGY MATERIALS AND SOLAR CELLS, vol.56, no.2, pp.141-152, 1999 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 56 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 1999
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.141-152
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


Homogenous, crack free iron oxide films are prepared by the sol-gel spin coating technique from a solution of iron iso-propoxide and isopropanol. The films were characterized by X-ray diffractometry (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV-visible (W-Vis) spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry (CV). XRD of the films showed that they had an amorphous structure. The optical constants refractive index (n) and extinction coefficient (k) were measured by scanning spectrometer in the wavelength range of 390-990 nm. The n and k values were found n = 2.3 +/- 0.01 and k = 0.2 +/- 0.002 at 650 nm. The electrochemical behavior investigated in 0.5 M LiClO4 propylene carbonate (PC) electrolyte-CV examinations showed good rechargeability of the Li+/e(-) insertion extraction process beyond 300 cycles. Spectroelectrochemistry showed that these films exhibit weak cathodic coloration in the spectral range of 350-800 nm. (C) 1999 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.