Late Pleistocene intraplate extension of the Central Anatolian Plateau, Turkey: Inferences from cosmogenic exposure dating of alluvial fan, landslide, and moraine surfaces along the Ecemis Fault Zone


Yıldırım C. , Sarıkaya M. A. , Ciner A.

TECTONICS, cilt.35, ss.1446-1464, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 35 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/2015tc004038
  • Dergi Adı: TECTONICS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1446-1464

Özet

Here we documented the vertical displacement, slip rate, extension rate, and geochronology of normal faults within a narrow strip along the main strand of the Ecemis Fault Zone. The Kartal, Cevizlik, and Lorut Faults are normal faults that have evident surface expression within the strip. Terrestrial cosmogenic nuclide geochronology revealed that the Kartal Fault deformed the 104.2 +/- 16.5 ka aged alluvial fan surface and the Cevizlik Fault deformed the 21.9 +/- 1.8 ka old moraine and talus fan surfaces. Our topographic surveys indicated 120 +/- 10m and 13.1 +/- 1.4m surface-breaking vertical displacements along the Kartal and Cevizlik Faults, respectively. Accordingly, we suggest a 1.15 +/- 0.21mm a(-1) slip rate and 0.66 +/- 0.12mm a(-1) extension rate for the last 104.2 +/- 16.5 ka on the Kartal Fault, and a 0.60 +/- 0.08mm a(-1) slip rate and 0.35 +/- 0.05mm a(-1) extension rate for the last 21.9 +/- 1.8 ka on the Cevizlik Fault. We believe that these structures are an integral part of intraplate crustal deformation in the Central Anatolia. They imply that intraplate structures such as the Ecemis Fault Zone may change their mode through time; presently, the Ecemis Fault Zone has been deformed predominantly by normal faults. The presence of steep preserved fault scarps along the Kartal, Cevizlik, and Lorut Faults point to surface-breaking normal faulting away from the main strand and particularly signify that these structures need to be taken into account for regional seismic hazard assessments.