Experimental Studies and Performance Analyses on Polyurethane and Nitrile Rubber Rod Seals

Mirza M., Temiz V., Kamburoglu E.

2nd International Congress on Advances in Applied Physics and Materials Science (APMAS), Antalya, Turkey, 26 - 29 April 2012, vol.1476, pp.114-118 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 1476
  • Doi Number: 10.1063/1.4751577
  • City: Antalya
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.114-118


The aim of this study is to determine the friction and leakage properties of rod seals made of polyethylene and nitrile rubber with different design geometries, under various pressure and lubricating oil viscosity conditions, in order to make assumptions about their general sealing characteristics and their pros and cons under certain working conditions that involve a range of fluid pressures. The test specimens consist of commercial rod seals of various designs and materials and were mounted on a hard chrome coated shaft subject to reciprocating motion. The test rig is capable of measuring friction force by means of strain measurements on a load cell transmitting the linear motion of a screw shaft to the test shaft. The test results of the reciprocating rod seal samples were evaluated according to leakage amount and friction resistance as a function of materials, design geometries and fluid pressures as well as the lubricating oil viscosity.