Analytical modeling and experimentally optimizing synergistic effect on thermal conductivity enhancement of polyurethane nanocomposites with hybrid carbon nanofillers

Navidfar A., Trabzon L.

POLYMER COMPOSITES, vol.42, pp.944-954, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/pc.25877
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.944-954
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Combining various carbon nanofillers with different dimensions can lead to a synergistic effect through the formation of an efficient conductive network. Hybrid polyurethane (PU) nanocomposites containing multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) were fabricated to study experimental and theoretical aspects of thermal conductivity (TC) enhancement. The optimization of hybrid nanofillers combinations was done to synergically enhance the TC using various types of graphene, nanofillers concentrations and ratios. A synergistic thermal conductivity improvement with MWCNTs and GNPs was confirmed at low nanofillers contents. The TC of hybrid nanocomposite at 0.25 wt% is approximately equivalent to the TC of individual nanofillers at 0.75 wt%. An analytical model for the effective thermal conductivity of single and hybrid nanocomposites was considered with variables of volume fraction, interfacial thermal resistance, straightness of the nanofillers and the percolation effect, in which the predictions of the modified models agreed with the experimental results.