High-performance pure and Fe3+-ion doped ZnS quantum dots as green nanophotocatalysts for the removal of malachite green under UV-light irradiation

Rajabi H. R., Khani O., Shamsipur M., Vatanpour Sargheın V.

JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, vol.250, pp.370-378, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 250
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.02.007
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.370-378
  • Keywords: ZnS, Zn1-xFexS, Quantum dots, Nanophotocatalysts, Photodecolorization, Malachite green, PHOTOCATALYTIC DEGRADATION, AQUEOUS-SOLUTIONS, ELECTRO-FENTON, TIO2, ADSORPTION, DYE, PHOTODEGRADATION, NICKEL, COPPER, WATER
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


The heterogeneous photocatalysis using UV-radiation and quantum dots (QDs) is an interesting method for the treatment of water polluted with the organic substances. In this study, ZnS QDs, as a pure and doped with Fe3+, were prepared for photodecolorization of malachite green (MG) as a model dye. The synthesis of QDs was carried out using a chemical precipitation method in aqueous solution, in the presence of 2-mercaptoethanol as a capping agent. The XRD patterns indicated that the doped nanoparticles are crystalline, with cubic zinc blend structure. The effects of dopant content, pH, nanophotocatalyst amount, irradiation time, and initial dye concentration on the removal efficiency of MG were studied. Results showed that the QDs presented high MG decolorization efficiency, and doping with Fe3+ promoted the dye removal. The maximum removal of dyes was obtained at 80 mg/L of photocatalyst as an optimum value for the dosage of photocatalyst in pH of 8.0. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.