CYCLIZATION AND REDUCED PENDANT VINYL GROUP REACTIVITY DURING THE FREE-RADICAL CROSS-LINKING POLYMERIZATION OF 1,4-DIVINYLBENZENE


OKAY O. , KURZ M., LUTZ K., FUNKE W.

MACROMOLECULES, vol.28, no.8, pp.2728-2737, 1995 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 1995
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/ma00112a019
  • Title of Journal : MACROMOLECULES
  • Page Numbers: pp.2728-2737

Abstract

Free-radical cross-linking polymerization of 1,4-divinylbenzene (1,4-DVB) has been investigated in toluene. The monomer concentration was less than 5 w/v %. Conversion of monomer and pendant vinyl groups, weight-average molecular weight (M) over bar(W), and intrinsic viscosity [eta] of the polymers were measured as a function of the reaction time up to the onset of macrogelation. A kinetic model was used to calculate the extent of cyclization and reduced pendant reactivity from the experimental data. Fraction of pendant vinyls in cycles, number of multiple cross-linkages, and the reactivity ratio of pendant to monomeric vinyl were evaluated as a function of the polymerization temperature, initial concentrations of 1,4-DVB and the initiator as well as the amount of styrene as a comonomer. The results indicate that 30-60% of pendant vinyls are used by cyclization reactions and, on average, 100-800 multiple cross-linkages occur per one intermolecular cross-link formed. The average pendant reactivity for intermolecular links is 2-3 orders of magnitude lower than the monomeric vinyl reactivity. These results were found to be in accord with the observed weak (M) over bar(W) dependence of [eta] of the polymers and their stability against degradation by ultrasonic waves. The critical exponent gamma suggests non-mean-field behavior in the vicinity of the gel point.