Application of immunosuppressive treatment for a long period after organ transplantations suppresses immune system in organ receivers and increases the risk of development of neoplastic diseases an with infections. Among the complication developing after transplantation, post-transplant lymphoproliferative diseases are not rare. Although the disease is generally of B cell origin, cases of rare post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease of T cell origin have been reported. Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease often occurs after Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. In our case an extranodal T cell lymphoma originating from the pleura and pericardium in a renal transplant patient has been diagnosed with cytology.